It is totally disconcerting and only fills your head with doubts. You have just finished having sex with your partner, but suddenly you notice a bleeding in your vaginal area. Of all the things that go through your head, you know that it is not your menstrual period and you are not sure if this is due to any injury or infection.
The first thing you should know, if you present this problem, is that the bleeding you observe may not be so strange to how you can think.
Vaginal bleeding after sex affects 9% of women who menstruated in the days before the sexual encounter. Also, it is important to know that 63% of postmenopausal women have problems with vaginal bleeding or spotting during and after sex.
What are the causes of vaginal bleeding after sex?
The first point where we must focus if we want to determine the main cause of the vaginal bleeding or other discomfort after intercourse, is the cervix. This is the final section of the uterus that connects with the vagina.
The first explanation we can have about the bleeding problem is that the cervix is fully inflamed. Normally, when this happens, people don’t have pain. However, there is another case where you should be careful because the inflammation of your cervix can be caused by a sexually transmitted disease such as gonorrhea or chlamydia.
There are records of many cases in which bleeding after sex is due to the presence of cervical polyps. Most of the time, this does not represent any threat since they can be removed by a doctor.
In some extreme case, this postcoital bleeding may be due to cervical cancer. This is very unlikely, but if the patient is postmenopausal, it is best to make sure you visit the doctor.
What can be other causes of postcoital bleeding?
#1. Friction or lack of lubrication
It is not at all strange that when the vagina is not properly lubricated the woman can suffer bleeding problems during and after the sexual encounter. Normally this case becomes common with postmenopausal women. But, there are other causes for this problem such as:
- Having recently given birth
- Having had a recent operation to remove the ovaries
- Side effects or unexpected reactions of the use of medications for asthma or antidepressants
- . Effect of chemotherapy
- Allergies caused by feminine personal hygiene products.
To avoid this, foreplay can be a key factor. Also, they can be another type of lubricants that guarantee that the vagina is not dry during sex. In this case, it is best to visit a doctor to have a better assessment.
#2. Your period
Vaginal bleeding after sex is normal if you are in days before or after your period. In fact, this is the most normal cause for vaginal bleeding.
#3. Cervical ectropion
This condition refers to the case in which cells from within the cervical zone form a kind of barrier and this causes inflammation in the vaginal area. Normally, this does not imply any serious medical condition. However, there are some cases where the accumulation of cells can cause cervical cancer.
Do you want to know if you are prone to bleed after sex?
To be able to make a self-evaluation and determine if you have high probabilities of bleeding after sex, you can think if you apply to any of the following cases:
- You have cancer either in the cervical or uterine area. (For this, always the best recommendation is that you visit your doctor and do the respective tests)
- At this time, you are entering a pre-menopausal stage. Also, if you have already entered this stage or if you just left it, it is most likely that you present vaginal bleeding in your sexual encounters.
- You have had several sexual encounters without protection. This may have caused a vaginal infection or a sexually transmitted disease.
- You have given birth and have breastfed your baby. Normally, you must wait a certain period of time for you to fully recover so you can have a healthy sexual life again.
With this, you can predict if you can suffer from a problem during or after sex. The most responsible thing is that you be honest with yourself and your partner. In this case, you will feel more pleasure if you wait until you improve your health conditions.
If vaginal bleeding can be normal, how do I know if it is not?
Medical evaluation is the most important step you must take to get rid of doubts. Throughout this article, you probably noticed that many of the causes of vaginal bleeding are normal and without pain. However, there are several cases in which this is not.
If you have had sexual intercourse on different occasions and in all of them you have presented the same problem, this may be caused by something more serious, and you need the intervention of a doctor or specialist in this field.
If you have symptoms such as vaginal itching, burning sensation when going to the bathroom, severe abdominal pain, nausea, back pain, among other symptoms in your vaginal area, it is absolutely necessary that you see a doctor as soon as possible.
What will a doctor do?
Many people are afraid to visit a doctor because they do not want to be judged or are afraid of receiving very bad news. However, these ideas should not stop you.
Normally a doctor will evaluate your sexual history and the symptoms you present. Depending on this evaluation, the doctor will send you to do physical tests. Remember that all the time you can have the confidence to ask your doctor for some method that facilitates your comfort during the exams.
Vaginal bleeding after sex can be very normal in many cases. However, you should not be guided solely by the idea that all is well. Visit a doctor to get out of doubt as soon as possible.